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Thin slice judgments
Nonverbal behavior
Real-time dynamics
Social cognition
Developmental social cognition
Face processing
Stereotype susceptibility
Social and cultural neuroscience
Cross-cultural psychology
Race and bias

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Ambady, N., Freeman, J. B., Rule, N. O. (in press). Culture and the neural substrates of behavior, perception, and cognition. In J. Decety & J. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Handbook of Social Neuroscience. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ambady, N. & Weisbuch, M., (in press). Facial expressions: Culture and context. To appear in A. J. Calder, G. Rhodes, J. V. Haxby, & M. H. Johnson (Eds.), The Handbook of Face Perception, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, J.B., Penner, A.M., Saperstein, A., Scheutz, M., & Ambady, N. (in press). Looking the part: Social status cues shape race perception. PLoS ONE. [pdf]

Freeman, J.B., Ambady, N., Midgley, K.J., & Holcomb, P.J. (in press). The real-time link between person perception and action: Brain potential evidence for dynamic continuity. Social Neuroscience. [pdf]

Krendl, A. C., Magoon, N. S., Hull, J. G., & Heatherton, T. F. (in press). Judging a book by its cover: the differential impact of attractiveness on predicting one's acceptance to high or low status social groups. Journal of Applied Social Psychology.

Slepian, M.L., Young, S.G., Rule, N.O., Weisbuch, M. & Ambady, N. (in press). Embodied impression formation: Social judgments and motor cues to approach and avoidance. Social Cognition.

Ambady, N. & Adams, R. B. Jr. (2011). Us versus them: The social neuroscience of perceiving outgroups. In A. Todorov, S. T. Fiske, & D. Prentice (Eds.), Social Neuroscience: Toward Understanding the Underpinnings of the Social Mind, (pp.135-143). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2011). A dynamic interactive theory of person construal. Psychological Review, 1-33. DOI: 10.1037/a0022327 [pdf]

Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2011). When two become one: Temporally dynamic integration of the face and voice. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47(1), 259-263. [pdf]

Gray, H. M., LaPlante, D. A., Bannon, B. L., Ambady, N., & Shaffer, H. J. (2011). Development and Validation of the Alcohol Identity Implicit Associations Test (AI-IAT). Addictive Behaviors, 36, 919-926. [pdf] [supplementary materials]

Rule, N. O., & Ambady, N. (2011). Judgments of power from college yearbook photos and later career success. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 154-158. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., Freeman, J. B., & Ambady, N. (2011). Brain and behavior in cultural context: Insights from cognition, perception, and emotion. In S. Han & E. Poeppel (Edís.), Culture and identity: Neural frames of social cognition (pp. 109-122). New York: Springer.

Rule, N.O., Rosen, K.S., Slepian, M.L., & Ambady, N. (2011). Mating interest improves women's accuracy in judging male sexual orientation. Psychological Science, 22, 881-886. [pdf]

Slepian, M. L., Weisbuch, M., Rule, N. O., & Ambady, N. (2011). Tough and tender: Embodied categorization of gender. Psychological Science, 22, 26-28. [pdf]

Toosi, N. R., & Ambady, N. (2011). Ratings of essentialism for eight religious identities. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 21, 17-29.

Adams, R. B. Jr., Rule, N. O., Franklin, R. G. Jr., Rule, N. O. , Freeman, J. B., Kestutis , K., Hadkikani, N., Yoshikawa, S., Ambady, N. (2010). Culture influences the role of gaze in the neural processing of fear expressions: An fMRI Investigation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 5, 340-348. [pdf]

Ambady, N. (2010). The perils of pondering: Intuition and thin slice judgments. Psychological Inquiry, 21 (4), 271.

Apfelbaum, E. P., Pauker, K., Sommers, S. R. & Ambady, N. (2010). In blind pursuit of racial equality? Psychological Science, 21 (11), 1587-1592.

Freeman, J. B. & Ambady, N. (2010). MouseTracker: Software for studying real-time mental processing using a computer mouse-tracking method. Behavior Research Methods, 42, 226-241. [pdf] [software]

Freeman, J. B., Pauker, K., Apfelbaum, E. P., & Ambady, N. (2010), Continuous dynamics in the real-time perception of race. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 179-185. [pdf]

Freeman, J. B., Rule, N. O., Adams, R. B., Jr., & Ambady, N. (2010). The neural basis of categorical face perception: Graded representations of face gender in fusiform and orbitofrontal cortices. Cerebral Cortex, 20, 1314-1322. [pdf]

Freeman, J. B., Schiller, D., Rule, N. O., & Ambady, N. (2010). The neural origins of superficial and individuated judgments about ingroup and outgroup members. Human Brain Mapping, 31, 150-159. [pdf]

Freeman, J. B., Ambady, N., & Holcomb, P. J. (2010). The face-sensitive N170 encodes social category information. NeuroReport, 21, 24-28. [pdf]

Krendl, A.C. & Ambady, N. (2010). Older adultsí decoding of emotions: Role of dynamic versus static cues and age-related cognitive decline. Psychology & Aging, 25(4), 788-793. [pdf]

Ozono, H., Watabe, M., Yoshikawa, S., Nakashima, S., Rule, N. O., Ambady, N., & Adams, R. B., Jr. (2010). What's in a Smile?  Cultural Differences in the Effects of Smiling on Judgments of Trustworthiness. Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science. 1 (1), 15-18. [pdf]

Pauker, K. B., Rule, N., & Ambady, N. (2010). Ambiguity and social perception. In E. Balcetis & D. Lassiter (Eds.), Social Psychology of Vision.

Pauker, K. B., Ambady, N., & Apfelbaum, E.P. (2010). Race salience and essentialist thinking in racial stereotype development. Child Development, 81, 1799-1833. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., Garrett, J. V., & Ambady, N. (2010). On the accurate perception of religious group membership from faces. PLoS ONE, 5 (12), 14241. [pdf]

Rule. N. O., & Ambady, N. (2010).  First Impressions of the Face: Predicting Success. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 4(8), 506-516. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., & Ambady, N. (2010). Democrats and Republicans can be differentiated from their faces. PLoS ONE, 5(1): e8733. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008733. [HTML]

Rule, N. O., Ambady, N., Adams, R. B., Jr., Ozono, H., Nakashima, S., Yoshikawa, S., & Watabe, M. (2010). Polling the face: Prediction and consensus across cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98 (1), 1-15. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., Freeman, J. B., Moran, J. M., Gabrieli, J. D. E., Adams, R. B., Jr., & Ambady, N. (2010). Voting behavior is reflected in amygdala response across cultures. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 349-355. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., Garrett, J. V., & Ambady, N. (2010). Places and faces: Geographic environment influences the ingroup memory advantage. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Slepian, M.L., Weisbuch, M., Rutchick, A.M., Newman, L.S., & Ambady, N. (2010). Shedding light on insight: Priming bright ideas. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 46, 696-700. [pdf]

Weisbuch, M., & Ambady, N. Thin slice vision. (2010). In R. B. Adams, Jr., N. Ambady, K. Nakayama. and S. Shimojo (Eds.), Social Vision, (pp. 28-247), Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. [doc]

Weisbuch, M., Ambady, N., Clarke, A., Achor, S., and Veenstra-Vander Weele, J. (2010). On being consistent: The role of verbal-nonverbal consistency in first impressions. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 32, 3, 261. [pdf]

Weisbuch, M., Slepian, M., Clarke, A., Ambady, N., & Veenstra-Vander Weele, J. (2010). Behavioral stability across time and situations: Nonverbal versus verbal consistency. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 34, 43-56. [pdf]

Freeman, J. B. & Ambady, N. (2009). Motions of the hand expose the partial and parallel activation of stereotypes. Psychological Science, 20, 1183-1188. [pdf]

Newcombe, N. S., Ambady, N., Eccles, J., Gomez, L., Klahr, D., Linn, M., Miller, K., & Mix, K. (2009). Psychology's role in mathematics and science education. American Psychologist, 64, 538-550. [pdf]

Pauker, K., & Ambady, N. (2009) Multiracial faces: How categorization affects memory at the boundaries of race. Journal of Social Issues, 65, 69-86. [pdf]

Pauker, K., Weisbuch, M., Ambady, N., Sommers, S. R., Adams, R. B. Jr., & Ivcevic, Z. (2009). Not so Black and White: Memory for ambiguous group members. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 795-810. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., Ambady, N., & Adams, R. B., Jr., (2009). Personality in perspective: Judgmental consistency across orientations of the face. Perception, 38, 1688-1699. [pdf]

Chiao, J. Y., Adams, R.B., Tse, P., Richeson, J. A., & Ambady, N. (2008). Neural substrates for recognizing dominance and submission. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 11, 201-214. [pdf]

Freeman, J. B., Ambady, N., Rule, N. O., & Johnson, K. L. (2008). Will a category cue attract you? Motor output reveals dynamic competition across person construal. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 137, 673-690. [pdf]

Rule, N. & Ambady, N. (2008). First impressions: Peeking at the neural underpinnings. In N. Ambady & J. Skowronski (Eds.) First Impressions. NY: Guilford.

Rule, N., Ambady, N., Adams, R. B. Jr. & Macrae, C. N. (2008). Accuracy and awareness in the perception and categorization of male sexual orientation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1019-1028. [pdf]

Skowronski, J. & Ambady, N. (2008). First Impressions: Rationales and Roadmap. In N. Ambady & J. Skowronski (Eds.) First Impressions. NY: Guilford. [HTML]

Weisbuch, M., & Ambady, N. (2008). Affective divergence: Automatic responses to others' emotions depend on group membership. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1063-1079. [pdf]

Elfenbein, H. A., Polzer, J. T., & Ambady, N. (2007). Team emotion recognition accuracy and team performance. In C. E. J. Hartel, N. M. Ashkanasy, & W. J. Zerbe (Eds.), Functionality, Intentionality and Morality, Research on Emotion in Organizations, Vol. 3, Oxford, UK: Elsevier. [pdf]

Marsh, A. A., & Ambady, N. (2007). Accurate identification of fear facial expressions predicts prosocial behavior. Emotion, 7, 239-251. [pdf]

Marsh, A. A., & Ambady, N. (2007). The influence of the fear facial expression on prosocial responding. Cognition & Emotion, 21, 225-247. [pdf]

Rule, N. O., Ambady, N., Adams, R. B., Jr., & Macrae, C. N. (2007). Us and them: Memory advantages in perceptually ambiguous groups. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14, 687-692.  [pdf]

Adams, R. B. Jr., Ambady, N., Macrae, C.N., & Kleck R.E. (2006). Emotional expressions forecast approach-avoidance behavior. Motivation and Emotion, 30, 179-188. [pdf]

Ambady, N., Chiao, J. Y., Chiu, P., & Deldin, P. (2005). Race and emotion recognition: Insights from a social neuroscience perspective. In J. T. Cacioppo, P. S. Visser, & C. L. Pickett (Eds.), Social Neuroscience: People thinking about thinking people (pp. 209-228). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. [pdf]

Marsh, A. A., Ambady, N., & Kleck, R. E. (2005). The effects of fear and anger facial expressions on approach- and avoidance-related behaviors. Emotion, 5, 119-124. [pdf]

Ambady, N., Paik, S. K., Steele, J., Owen-Smith, A., & Mitchell, J. P. (2004). Deflecting negative self-relevant stereotype activation: The effects of individuation. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 401-408. [pdf]

Chiao, J.Y., Bordeaux, A. R., & Ambady, N. (2004). Mental representations of social status. Cognition, 93, 49-57. [pdf]

Chiu, P., Ambady, N., & Deldin, P. (2004). CNV in response to emotional in- and out-group stimuli differentiates high- and low-prejudiced individuals. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1830-1839. [pdf]

Elfenbein, H. A., Mandal, M. K., Ambady, N., Harizuka, S., & Kumar, S. (2004). Hemifacial differences in the in-group advantage in emotion recognition. Cognition & Emotion, 18, 613-629. [pdf]

Adams, R. B., Jr., Gordon, H. L., Baird, A. A., Ambady, N., & Kleck, R. E. (2003). Effects of gaze on amygdala sensitivity to anger and fear faces. Science, 300, 1536. [pdf ]

LaPlante, D., & Ambady, N. (2003). On how things are said: Voice tone, voice intensity, verbal content, and perceptions of politeness. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 22, 434-441. [pdf]

Steele, J., Choi, Y. S., & Ambady, N. (2003). Stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination: The effects of group based expectations on moral functioning. The LSS Review, 2, 13-15. [pdf]

Ambady, N., & Gray, H. (2002). On being sad and mistaken: Mood effects on the accuracy of thin slice judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 947-961. [pdf]

Ambady, N., & Hallahan, M. (2002). Using nonverbal representations of behavior: Perceiving sexual orientation. In A. M. Galaburda, S.M. Kosslyn & C. Yves (Eds.), The Languages of the Brain (pp. 320-332). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. [pdf]

Elfenbein, H. A. & Ambady, N. (2002). Is there an in-group advantage in emotion recognition? Psychological Bulletin, 128, 243-249. [pdf]

Elfenbein, H. A., Marsh, A., & Ambady, N. (2002). Emotional intelligence and the recognition of emotion from facial expressions. In L. F. Barrett & P. Salovey (Eds.), The Wisdom in Feeling: Psychological Processes in Emotional Intelligence (pp.37-59). New York: The Guilford Press. [pdf]

LaPlante, D., & Ambady, N. (2002). Saying it like it isn't: Mixed messages from men and women in the workplace. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 32, 2435-2457. [pdf]

Shih, M., Ambady, N., Richeson, J.A., Fujita, K., & Gray, H. M. (2002). Stereotype performance boosts: The impact of self-relevance and the manner of stereotype activation. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 638-647. [pdf]

Ambady, N., LaPlante, D., & Johnson, E. (2001). Thin slice judgments as a measure of interpersonal sensitivity. In J. A. Hall & F. J. Bernieri (Eds.), Interpersonal Sensitivity: Theory and Measurement (pp. 89-101), Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. [pdf]

Richeson, J., & Ambady, N. (2001). Who's in charge? Effects of situational roles on automatic gender bias. Sex Roles, 44, 493-512. [pdf]

Richeson, J. A., & Ambady, N. (2001). When roles reverse: Stigma, status, and self-evaluation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 31, 1350-1378. [pdf]

Pittinsky, T. L., Shih, M., & Ambady, N. (2000). Will a category cue affect you? Category cues, positive stereotypes, and reviewer recall for applicants. Social Psychology of Education, 4, 53-65. [pdf]

Shih, M., Pittinsky, T. L., & Ambady, N. (1999). Stereotype susceptibility:Identity salience and shifts in quantitative performance. Psychological Science, 10, 80-83. [pdf]

Ambady, N., & Rosenthal, R. (1995). Experimenter effects. In A. S. R. Manstead and M. Hewstone (Eds.), Blackwell dictionary of social psychology (pp. 230-235). Oxford, England: Blackwell. [pdf]

Heatherton, T. F. & Ambady, N. (1994). Self-esteem, self-prediction, and living up to commitments. In R. F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard (pp.1-8). New York: Plenum. [pdf]